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What does the classroom of the future look like?

Like that? Well... Maybe.

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Group roles:

Leader: Yu Xin (12)

Assistant Leader: Shang Mei (19)

Secretary: Trixie (06)

Writer-editors: Javier (27), Marcus (33), Shang Mei, Trixie, Yu Xin

Presenters: Javier, Marcus, Shang Mei, Trixie, Yu Xin

For a start, watch this video to let us introduce you to the modern world. Did you know???

If unable to watch, go to http://youtu.be/4TKbIidbyhk

Now, let us talk about future classrooms. But first, what is a future classroom?

A future classroom is a room that will probably be mostly filled with electronic products such as laptops, which will aid the learning of the students.

So, now you know the definition of future classrooms. But to make a future classroom and know how it will probably look like and how it runs to meet the standards, information of the skills and knowledge, to be known and taught, is needed. So firstly, competencies of the 21st century must be identified before we know what the future 21st Century students will need and have to learn.

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Competencies of the 21st Century:

  1. Lifelong learning: To constantly learn with enthusiasm throughout lifetime.

  2. Teamwork / Collaboration: Being able to work with teammates and cooperate with one another, and resolve conflicts together.

  3. Innovative and Problem – solving solver : Being able to resolve problems by approaching different and effective ways

  4. Cross – cultural learning: To better understand and appreciate other cultures so as to be able to communicate better with people of other races.

  5. Critical thinking: To be able to analyse and solve problems with a variety of ways that is practical yet innovative.

  6. Adaptability: Being able to adapt to the ever-changing society wherever and whenever.

Find out more at:

http://www.moe.gov.sg/media/press/2010/03/moe-to-enhance-learning-of-21s.php

Skills needed by students of 21st century:

Life and Career Skills

- Flexibility and adaptability: to be able to get use to environment quickly

- Initiative and self –direction: to be able to learn on one’s capability and ability and execute it too without prior notice

- Social and cross-cultural skills: to be able communicate with strangers and get along well in order to proceed on with one’s own job

- Productivity and accountability: to be able to produce quality work

- Leadership and responsibility: to be able to lead other and demonstrate that one can shoulder work with care

Learning and Innovation Skills

- Critical thinking & problem solving: analyse and solve problems in conventional and innovative ways

- Communication skills: articulate thoughts and ideas effectively using oral and written communication skills

- Collaboration: to be able to work together with others effectively as a team

- Creativity and innovation: use a wide range of idea creation techniques to create new and worthwhile ideas

Information, Media and Technology Skills

- Information literacy: to be able to access and evaluate information critically and competently; to be able find information from a wide variety of sources

- Media literacy: e.g., understand both how and why media messages are constructed; create media products by understanding and utilizing the most appropriate media creation tools, characteristics and conventions.

- ICT (Information, Communications, and Technology) Literacy: e.g., uses technology as a tool to research, organize, evaluate and communicate information.

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Find out more at:

http://futurepearsonlongmanusa.com/materials/Author%20Articles/F_SalasIsnardi_Mono.pdf

http://www.p21.org/storage/documents/aacte_p21_whitepaper2010.pdf

Knowledge needed to be taught to students:

  1. Global awareness: to understand global issues, other nations and cultures

  2. Financial, economic, business and entrepreneurial Literacy: make economic choices and to understand the roles of economic in society

  3. Civic Literacy: learning how to be more proactive and participate more actively in civic life; exercise rights and obligations of citizenship.

  4. Health Literacy: learn how to obtain, interpret and understand basic health information and statistics; understanding physical and mental health measures

  5. Environmental Literacy: knowledge and understanding of the environment and circumstances and [[#|conditions]] affecting it; taking individual and collective action towards addressing environmental challenges.

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Knowing what the kids in the future might learn, we now must know what could be introduced to further improve and lead to the possibilities that we want in the future.

Programmes and activities schools should offer:

  1. Community services: To instil in students civic responsibility and empathy, in order to be able to improve the society’s welfare.

  2. Overseas Exchange Programmes: To enable students to experience and observe the learning environment of other students in foreign countries and make improvements in his/her own classroom. To also enable students to learn more skills and put learning experience into real life happenings.

  3. Internships:

- Work experience internship: Students are sent to a company or factory, which varies from two months to a year, whereby they will gain direct work experience and gain skills needed in their specialised field of study.

- Research internship: Students do research for a company; the research topic is up to the company to choose, if better, students are allowed to choose the topic of research themselves.

4. Leadership training: To train and prepare students for future endeavours and instil in them teamwork and responsibility.external image leadership.jpg

5. Learning about other cultures: To enable students to appreciate and understand other cultures in order to improve relations with people, who can help further establish partnerships with other countries in future.

6. Integrated Studies: To increase engagement and retention, subjects are taught through text, images, and sound, yet more is taught to students.

7. Project-Based Learning:To teach students to analyse and learn core subject matter and basic skills with meaningful activities that examines complex, real-world issues. At the same time, skills are developed and instilled in students with working knowledge.

8. Social and Emotional Learning: To enable students to understand one’s own problems and resolve it through approachable ways in which teachers will help guide through. Students also learn to collaborate, communicate, and resolve conflicts with teammates.

Now...To proceed on with how we think classrooms of the future might contain.

Features that our classroom would have, if we were to design our own classroom:

- Laptops

- Touch screen Whiteboards

- Touch screen stations/ desks

- Electronic books

- Ipads( source for electronic textbooks)

Pros:

  • Easy access to write on whiteboard without the need to bring markers that may be pollutant to the environment.

  • Lighter school bags for students to carry, without the need of heavy books.

Cons:

  • If school system is affected by power outage, whole entire body of whiteboards and laptops/ touch screen desks will not work.

  • If school system were to be affected by virus, all electronics that are linked to the infected appliance will be affected and cannot be functioned.

With lesser load to carry to school and more forms of technology which can aid our learning, wouldn't groupwork be a better option for conducting research projects which can help expand the knowledge of students?

Encouraging more collaborative work

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Future classrooms should encourage more collaborative work:

  • Projects incorporate the ability to express students’ thought into words (literacy) and also creativity of students.

  • Students learn valuable knowledge and skills from one another.

  • Students learn how to communicate with one another while resolving conflicts that rise during completion of projects.

  • Instil in students a sense of responsibility.

Future classrooms should not encourage more collaborative work:

  • Unmotivated/weaker students tend to contribute lesser to the group than those who are more motivated and stronger in learning.

  • Inconsistent learning due to difference in students’ learning ability.

On the overall, we feel that there should be more collaborative work as the working life is mostly working together with people that we do not know and completing the project. By doing more collaborative work, the process prepares students for the coming work force and life.

Technology may bring us about more information for school work like projects, but it can do us harm too. So should technology be even introduced into the future classrooms?

Encouraging the use of technology in classrooms

Classrooms of future should use more technology:

  • Using technology in classrooms may engage more students into the lessons compared to normal lessons with whiteboards and books.

  • Students are able to take notes faster.

  • Teachers are able to communicate easier with students through technology as students can be reached even at home.

  • Students learn to be more self-disciplined to check for homework online and self-learning is instilled into the student, as it relies on oneself to learn a new topic.

Classrooms of future should not use more technology:

  • Costs and expenses to buy and upgrade the technology appliances are extremely costly.

  • Students eventually will eventually become more impatient and have short attention span on things that require an amount of time.

  • Communication skills of students between one another will start to deteriorate due to constant interaction with only the computer.

  • Students may not be able to tell relevant from irrelevant information on the internet. (With technology introduced in classrooms, there is more access to the Internet in order to teach more to the students.)

On the whole, we feel that more technology should be used in the classrooms as it could engage students into lessons and enable them to withhold more information from the lesson.

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More information can be found at:

http://racdab2819.wordpress.com/2010/04/13/pros-and-cons-of-technology-in-the-classroom-and-where-i-stand/

With all the research done to find out how a future class and classroom would probably look like, and all the things that might be done to meet the requirements of the 21st Century competencies, we might have missed out an extremely important point. Education may be important, but what is more important is to have a MEANINGFUL education.

This is to us, what having a meaningful education is:

  • To be able teach students life-long values and skills such as responsibility.

  • To be able to nurture students into both well educated and civic minded workers of the society.

  • To provide for students a wide range of knowledge that can be applicable in their future careers.

  • To be able to teach what students are truly interested in.

So in conclusion, the future classrooms that we picture is probably is extremely technologically savvy yet teaches and provides for students an environment whereby things taught are used to meet the competencies of the 21st Century and prepare them for the work force.

Extra information

Flipped Classrooms and the Khan Academy

How it all started

Salman Khan first made a video about calculus for his cousins to watch and posted it on YouTube, and they commented that they preferred him teaching through the video he created to listening to him teaching face to face. Other viewers liked the way Salman taught through his videos which encouraged him to further implement on the videos which led to the founding of theKhanAcademy.

About KhanAcademy:

  • The Khan Academy is a non-profit organisation initiated by Salman Khan back in 2006.

  • Videos on various topics are made available for students of all ages to watch and learn.

About Flipped Classrooms:

  • Educational videos, about a certain topic, are made by teachers, and given to students to watch at home.

  • “Homework”, which are questions given to students to solve at home, previously, are now done in the classroom with the subject teacher.

Advantages of the Flipped Classroom:

  • Students are able to learn about a certain topic on their own at their own learning pace.

  • Provides for teachers more time for one to one teaching.

  • Students are able to understand and grasp the topic with more confidence.

  • Enables teachers and students to build a strong bonding.

How Salman Khan started the educational Videos

If unable to watch, go to

Salman Khan: Let's use videos to reinvent education : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTFEUsudhfs

Flipped Classrooms:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H4RkudFzlc

Future schools of Singapore

  • The MOE in Singapore is currently in partnerships with IDA and the first five pioneer Schools, to try out the new project FutureSchools@Singapore.


  • Schools will make use of ICT infrastructure such as laptops and specially designed computer games to teach and at the same time engage students into learning a specific topic.


  • Schools which are the pioneer batch are currently undergoing through changes into a “FutureSchool” and are already trying out newly initiated 21st Century Competencies projects are Beacon Primary School, Canberra Primary School, Jurong secondary School, Hwa Chong Institution and Crescent Girls’ Secondary School. The joining schools of the “Future Schools” are The School of Science and Technology, NgeeAnn Secondary School andNanChiauSecondary School.


  • Schools of the future in Singapore make use of the ICT infrastructure to not only engage students into learning, but to also enable them to cultivate the 21st century skills that will meet with the competencies of the 21st Century.

Education technology

What the past classrooms and schools would not have that we have now:

  • Computers

  • Projectors etc.

  • Electronic books

What future schools might have and what the pioneer batch of schools are having now:

  • 3D/4Dhive: A studio specially setup with programmes that involve the students’ senses.

  • Creative Studio: This programme was designed specially to help pupils work collaboratively to involve their creativity and form

  • Funky Gallery: A function that displays students’ media creations such as digital art pieces, while allowing for peer feedback and review.

  • Ambook: A digital textbook, inclusive of videos, pictures and text, made for students to learn from.

  • Interactive-Learning Management system: A self-directed learning designed media meant for students to learn through databases and tools. Students acquire knowledge through self-study and peer reviews.

  • Interactive Learning Trails: Fieldwork supported by a mapping system integrated into the VLTrek, which is a learning platform, whose features include 2D/3D visualisation of learning trails and layering of data points

Education Technology in Singapore

If unable to watch go to

first video :http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_pIK7ghGw4

second video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eCXMkHUe8q4&feature=player_embedded

Acknowledgements:

http://www.news.gov.sg/public/sgpc/en/media_releases/agencies/moe/press_release/P-20110401-1/AttachmentPar/00/file/Infosheet%20-%20FutureSchools@ExCEL%20Fest.pdf

Reference :

www.wikipedia.com

www.moe.gov.sg

www.qwiktag.com

http://www.moe.gov.sg/committee-of-supply-debate/files/nurturing-our-young.pdf

“Once social change begins, it cannot be reversed. You cannot uneducate the person who has learned to read. You cannot humiliate the person who feels pride. You cannot oppress the people who are not afraid anymore. We have seen the future, and the future is ours.”

- Cesar Chavez