Marina Bay Sands
Marina Bay Sands
How do foreign construction workers and domestic helpers contribute to Singapore?

Leader: Lee Yan Ling
A. Leader: Lee Zi Ying
Secretary: Jocelyn Koh
Writer-Editor (s): Chua Xi Meng, Lee Yan Ling, Lee Zi Ying, Jocelyn Koh, Ooi Kok Yih
Presenter: Ooi Kok Yih






Points to Consider:

  1. Why do foreign workers leave their home countries to seek employment in Singapore?
  2. What are the working conditions like for construction workers and domestic helpers (e.g. working hours. days of leave, living environment, treatment from employers)?
  3. What are some examples of unfair treatment that foreign construction workers and domestic helpers face?
  4. What can we do to raise awareness for the fair treatment of foreign construction workers and domestic helpers?

Guidelines:

  • Living conditions of foreign construction workers
  • Domestic helpers getting a day off
  • Whether domestic helpers should be allowed to clean windows of high-rise apartments

INTRODUCTION
According to a source, Singapore has about 850, 000 foreign workers. These foreign workers include construction workers as well as maids. Most of the foreign construction workers are from Bangladesh and China while most of the foreign maids are from Indonesia and the Philippines. In this wiki webpage, information on the foreign workers will be provided.

1. Why do foreign workers seek employment in Singapore?
  • Poor living conditions in home country
  • Income is not enough to support family
  • Debts are incurred in home country
  • Starvation and illness
  • Jobless in home country
  • Unable to seek employment elsewhere
  • Desire of a better life for family
  • Once they work in Singapore, they are provided with food and have a roof over their head.
  • Work does not require any educational qualifications
  • Salary will give their family a better life and help to pay debts

CASE STUDY: FOREIGN DOMESTIC HELPERS

Foreign domestic helpers are otherwise known as foreign maids. Foreign maids are housed at dormitories by their agencies before they are selected by their employers. Upon employment, they will then reside at their employer's house. They are often given storerooms or in a family with young children meant to be under the maid's care, the child's room. These maids work from as early as 5am to prepare breakfast to as late as 11pm. However, in cases where they finish their work early, their employers might allow them to end work earlier in the day. Majority of the maids work 7 days a week and a minority are given a day off. Some choose to work on their off day as it will mean extra salary. According to a source, however, a handful of foreign maids actually choose to go for courses on their off day. This off day is determined by the employer as long as it is a day in each week.

ILL-TREATMENT OF FOREIGN MAIDS
Case 1
Between March and June 2010, a housewife and a mother of two, assaulted her Indonesian maid by burning her maid's face with a heated iron, slapped her and threatened her at knife-point. These abuses resulted in an ear deformity after the maid's ordeal of over four months. These assaults were a result of trivial reasons, of which, most related to unsatisfactory household chores carried out bu her Indonesian maid. She was sentenced to 13 months in jail.
Source:
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1191514/1/.html

Case 2
A married couple was charged in court for causing hurt to their Filipino maid. On one occasion, the Filipino maid was pinned to the ground with her hands pulled apart and dragged to the kitchen toilet. On another occasion, she grabbed and squeezed the neck of the domestic worker, held her right forearm and dragged her to the kitchen toilet. Her husband was charged with assisting her with the abuse.
Source:
http://www.straitstimes.com/BreakingNews/Singapore/Story/STIStory_774885.html

Case 3
An Indonesian maid fell to her death while cleaning windows on 19th April 2012. She fell to her death at 5.20am while her employer was still asleep. Her employer only found out about her maid's death after being informed by the police. So far, there had been 8 cases of fatal falls from domestic workers while at work.
Source:
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20120420-340947.html
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20120503-343678/2.html


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 align="center"]]



DOMESTIC HELPERS GETTING A DAY OFF

What's happening?
With effect from 2013, foreign domestic workers are entitled to have at least one rest day per week. For each rest day forgone, employers should compensate the FDW with one day's wage, in addition to his/her monthly salary. The one day's wage is calculated by dividing the monthly salary by 26 working days. Instead of monetary compensation, the worker is able to have 1 replacement day which falls on the same month as the rest day forgone.

What purpose does it serve?
- Foreign domestic workers should have a weekly rest day which is regarded as a basic labour among international laws.
- Singapore, which is 1 of the few countries with no provisions for weekly rest days, this regulation would be able to enhance the country's attractiveness as a destination for quality and professional workers. As a result, this regulation would serve as a stepping stone for the welfare of the foreign domestic workers.

Advantages:
- The flexibility to compensate foreign domestic workers with pay may be abused by unreasonable employers/agents who place pressure on them without allowing any rest days for them. Hence, this new regulation, with effect from 2013, is able to prevent such scenarios.

Disadvantages:
- This new regulation may offend some employers/agents as it provides better welfare for theforeign domestic workers. Hence, employers and agents would be unhappy about this and start to object to this regulation/arrangement.

In Conclusion:
Foreign domestic workers are able to enjoy 4 rest days per month. In comparison with the foreign domestic workers 10 years ago, the welfare provided for the current foreign domestic workers have increased greatly. This new regulation, which enables greater flexibility/ privilages for the foreign domestic workers and at the same time, enhances Singapore's image of being a platform consisting quality and professional workers. This new regulation, which starts in 2013, enables better welfare for the foreign domestic workers.

CREDITS:
http://sg.news.yahoo.com/blogs/singaporescene/foreign-domestic-workers-mandatory-weekly-off-day-124140875.html


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WHETHER DOMESTIC HELPERS SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO CLEAN WINDOWS OF HIGH-RISE APARTMENTS
Case Study: Singapore

What's happening?
Many foreign workers have fallen to their deaths from cleaning windows of HDB apartments. Hence, new guidelines are set for the employers to prevent similar cases from happening. These new guidelines are set with immediate effect.

1. The employer or an adult representative must be physically present to supervise their maid.
2. Windows grilles must be installed and locked at all times during the cleaning process.

Purpose?
Many foreign workers do not come from high-rise environments and may not be able to adapt to Singapore's urban living environment. Thus, accidents are prone to happen. In order to prevent more accidents from happening, ways like updating training materials for the foreign domestic workers are used to improve the situation. In addition, failure to comply with the new tightened requirements would be prosecuted and permanently banned from hiring any FDW.

Advantages:
- Lesser accidents would be prone to happen.
- Singapore's reputation would be affected as tourists and citizens would feel that the country is not capable of securing the safety of the people in the country.

Disadvantages:
- Higher costs and budget would be required for the improved training materials used to train the current foreign domestic workers.
- Employers would feel that it is a hassle to supervise their own domestic workers and would rather break the regulations without thinking of the dire consequences that would happen.

In Conclusion:
To conclude, tragic and unnecessary loss of lives could be prevented, if proper measures are taken into care. In addition, foreign workers, whom are not adapted to Singapore's high rise and urban environment, should be given better attention to prevent such a tragedy from happening. In addition, employers/agents would have to be responsible enough to answer for their domestic workers' safety. With the cooperation of both employers and the workers, tragedies like this would have a lesser chance from happening and Singapore's image of securing the people's safety would be able to be maintained.

SOURCE:
http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gduojAnBq-nC8Dw_mDjyxAk6uzlQ?docId=CNG.a2d1e8eabff492138d0160192c475dbc.291
http://news.xin.msn.com/en/singapore/maids-not-allowed-to-clean-exterior-of-windows-unless-safety-conditions-met


CASE STUDY: FOREIGN CONSTRUCTION WORKERS

Foreign construction workers in Singapore contribute greatly to the development of Singapore. Construction firms turn to employing foreign workers as they are willing to work for long hours with a low pay. These factors result in Singaporeans, who are highly educated, to shun these jobs. Foreign construction go through agencies to come to Singapore for work. These agencies charge very high rates, and for every time they come to Singapore, they are charged a fee. Agencies charge fees even higher than a construction worker's pay worth a year. It can go up to as high as SGD 8000. These workers sell their houses and borrow money from relatives, all possible ways to raise the sum to work in Singapore. As a construction worker, the average pay per day for a construction worker is SGD 18. They work for about 11 hours daily with an average salary of about $600 a month including overtime pay. They save and scrimp, using only a small portion of their salary to send the remaining money back home to support their families. Most workers get one off day whereas others work 7 days a week. They live in dormitories when working here. They sleep on bunk beds that can go up to 3 levels and the only personal space they have is their bed. About 6 workers live in a room and the number can increase to more than 8 workers per room.

ACCIDENTS IN WORKPLACE
Whenever the workers injure themselves while working, they are not well-treated. Construction companies are unhappy over such injuries as they reduce the productivity rate since injured workers are unable to work and can only rest in their dormitories. Some of these workers are sacked upon serious injuries that hinder them from working. Left with little money, they are unable to do much and often worry about their families back home who do not have money. Workers choose not to go back to their home country because of the high agency fees chargeable to re-enter Singapore for work.

Case 1
A Bangladesh worker was killed in a shipyard accident.
Source:
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne+News/Singapore/Story/A1Story20110514-278874.html


SOLVING THE PROBLEM
Campaigns can be done to raise awareness of the ill-treatment of foreign workers. Videos, skits and documentaries can help to raise awareness since people are attracted to the media. This solution will be better as compared to giving out pamphlets which many throw in rubbish bins without carefully looking at it.